|Samadhi (Saúmaúdhi) (?) n.
[Sanskrit, establish, make firm]
1. A conscious experience that lies beyond waking, dreaming, and deep sleep. Pausing of specific mental activities while increasing activity in other area or areas of the brain. This allows absorption of the object of meditation. For example, looking at a flower - hearing, touching, smelling, desiring, thinking and behavior etc., may be stilled to allow for greater energy flow in another part of the brain - i.e. looking at the flower. The result is the conscious experience of union with the flower. This state of consciousness is often referred to as "one-pointedness of mind." There are various stages of samadhi of which the highest is nirvikalpa-samadhi. In it the object of meditation is consciousness itself - a consciousness of consciousness with no other object. There are degrees of control over ceasing mental activities. This results in degrees of intensity and absorption of sensory perceptions.
[Jap., sanmai or zanmai]
1. Collectedness of the mind on a single object through calming and/or increasing mental activities. A diversion of mental resources from one location of the brain to another by decreasing activity in one area and increasing it in another. A conservation of energy in one part of the brain allowing increase in another. One aspect of Samadhi includes a non-dualistic experience in which the consciousness of the experiencer becomes one with consciousness itself. This occurs when all other mental functions pause except consciousness. Concentration is not samadhi. Rather, concentration helps create a mind capable of experiencing samadhi by strengthening the mind. Samadhi is not a straining concentration on one point, nor is the mind forcibly directed to an object.2. Samadhi is the consciousness experience of absorption (dhyana).3. Three (lokottara) types of samadhi are distinguished that have as their goal emptiness (shunyata), the state of characteristiclessness (animitta) and freedom from discrimination of knowledge of nirvana.
Samprajnata-Samadhi (?) n.
[Skt., from samprajnata, conscious]
1. the yoga philosophy of Patanjali distinguishes between two stages of samadhi: samprajnata-samadhi and asamprajnata-samadhi, corresponding roughly to savikalpa-samadhi and nirvikalpa-samadhi in Vedanta. In samprajnata-samadhi, mental activities, such as desires, feelings, thoughts and behaviors, are still present. This form of samadhi is characterized by desire and thought (sabija-samadhi). The individual's desires (vasanas) exist and reemerge. This form is contrasted to asamprajnata ("supracons-cious"), the highest level of samadhi, which is desirelessness, feelinglessness, thoughtlessness and behaviorlessness (nirbija-samadhi), since all limitations (kleshas) have been overcome, all desires (vasnas) extinguished, and the cycle of unhappiness is overcome.
Savichara-Samadhi also Savicara-Samadhi(?) n.
[Skt.; a term used in the yoga philosophy of Patanjali.]
1. It refers to a state in which a consciousness mind identifies with the object of meditation and is involved in identification (the perception of names), qualities, and cognition. (See also nirvichara-samadhi.)
Savikalpa-Samadhi (?) n.
1. A state of consciousness in which one knows one's own consciousness but remains in a subject-object relationship with the world. In contrast to nirvikalpa-samadhi, this state still contains a duality, which prevents total absorption in consciousness. A Tathagata is said to move between both kinds of samadhi without discrimination as the circumstance requires.
Nirvichara-Samadhi also Nirvicara-Samadhi(?) n.
1. a term in the yoga philosophy of Patanjali, who refers to a state of absorption in which consciousness becomes one with the object and the mental process of identification no longer disturbs the mind.
Nirvikalpa-Samadhi (?) n.
[Skt., changeless samadhi]
1. A term used in Vedanta to refer to the highest, transcendent state of consciousness. It is the realization of "I am consciousness" which exists without the thought, "I am consciousness." In this experience there is selflessness, no-mind, non-duality, and the subject-object relationship momentarily disappears. It is the highest, samadhi-state of non-dual union with one's own consciousness.
Authors Encyclopedia | Encyclopedia of the Self
Classical Authors Index | Classical Authors Directory | Classical Authors Library
Emotional Literacy Education | The Old Man of the Holy Mountain | Classical Authors Forums
Visitor Agreement | Copyright c 1999 - 2001 Mark Zimmerman. All Rights Reserved.